D Branes in Supersymmetric Backgrounds

dunha ́unica teor ́ıa, chamada Teor ́ıa M, que a ́ında non foi formulada fora do l ́ımite de baixas enerx ́ıas. Nesta teor ́ıa, os obxectos fundamentais van ser membranas en d ́uas dimensi ́ons en vez de cordas (obxectos nunha dimensi ...

D Branes in Supersymmetric Backgrounds

In this Ph. D. Thesis we concentrate on the study of the extension of the AdS/CFT correspondence to theories with less supersymmetry. In particular, we search for the possibility of adding supersymmetric D-branes in type IIB supergravity solutions which are dual to N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories in four dimensions. In the probe approximation we perform a systematic analysis of the possible supersymmetric D-brane configurations in backgrounds dual to N=1 superconformal field theories, firstly in the AdS_5xY^{p,q} solutions and then in their generalisation to the AdS_5xL^{a,b,c} backgrounds. Some checks of the correspondence between D-brane configurations and chiral operators of the dual gauge theory are performed. We also analyse the possible supersymmetric D5-brane configurations dual to defects (of codimension one and two) in N=1 SYM theory in the framework of the Maldacena-Nunez solution. Beyond the probe approximation, we develop techniques in order to take into account the backreaction undergone by the type IIB supergravity solutions (dual to N=1 superconformal field theories and their extensions to cascading theories) due to the addition of a number of flavour branes of the same order as the number of colour branes which generate the unflavour background. The dual interpretation of those flavour branes is given in terms of dynamical fields transforming in the fundamental representation of the gauge group. Several gauge theories features are matched, like beta functions, anomalies and the duality cascade which describes the RG flow of the cascading field theories.

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